Mobile began as the first capital of colonial French Louisiana in 1702.During its first 100 years, Mobile was a colony of France, then Britain, and lastly Spain.

Although debated by Alabama historians, they may have been descendants of the Native American tribe whose small fortress town, Mabila, was used to conceal several thousand native warriors before an attack in 1540 on the expedition of Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto.

The European settlement of Mobile began with French colonists, who in 1702 constructed Fort Louis de la Louisiane, at Twenty-seven Mile Bluff on the Mobile River, as the first capital of the French colony of La Louisiane.

It was founded by French Canadian brothers Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville and Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville, to establish control over France's Louisiana claims.

As one of the Gulf Coast's cultural centers, Mobile has several art museums, a symphony orchestra, a professional opera, a professional ballet company, and a large concentration of historic architecture.

Mobile is known for having the oldest organized Carnival celebrations in the United States.

The festival began to be celebrated in the first decade of the 18th century by its first French Catholic colonial settlers.Mobile was host to the first formally organized Carnival mystic society, known elsewhere as a krewe, to celebrate with a parade in the United States, beginning in 1830.making it the third most populous city in Alabama, the most populous in Mobile County, and the largest municipality on the Gulf Coast between New Orleans, Louisiana, and St. Alabama's only saltwater port, Mobile is located at the head of the Mobile Bay and the north-central Gulf Coast.The Port of Mobile has always played a key role in the economic health of the city beginning with the city as a key trading center between the French and Native Americans down to its current role as the 12th-largest port in the United States.Mobile is the principal municipality of the Mobile Metropolitan Statistical Area.This region of 412,992 residents is composed solely of Mobile County; it is the third-largest metropolitan statistical area in the state.